The European Journal of Development Research

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 252–275 | Cite as

Wheat Production and Consumption Dynamics in an Asian Rice Economy: The Bangladesh Case

  • Khondoker A. Mottaleb
  • Dil Bahadur Rahut
  • Gideon Kruseman
  • Olaf Erenstein
Original Article

Abstract

Wheat consumption in Asia’s major rice economies has been increasing over the decades. Bangladesh is no exception, despite being the world’s fourth largest rice-producing and the largest rice-consuming country. In Bangladesh, wheat consumption has doubled from 1961 to 2013, and now stands at 17.5 kg per capita, about a ninth of the rice consumption. Densely populated Bangladesh has achieved rice self-sufficiency, but relies on imports to top up modest domestic wheat production. This study assesses the prospects for Bangladesh to expand its wheat production. The rice–wheat production system offers good prospects to expand wheat production in Bangladesh and respond to increasing domestic demand. Based on the findings, this study urges the expansion of wheat production in the seasonally fallow land, particularly in southern Bangladesh. Also, this study calls for further investments in wheat research and development to ensure local adaptation, comparative advantage, and sustainable intensification.

Keywords

wheat production consumption land allocation smallholder farmer Bangladesh 

La consommation de blé dans les économies principalement de riz en Asie a augmenté au fil des décennies. Le Bangladesh ne fait aucune exception, en dépit d’être le quatrième plus large producteur de riz et son plus grand consommateur. Au Bangladesh, la consommation de blé a doublé de 1961 à 2013, et s’élève aujourd’hui à 17,5kg par habitant, soit environ un neuvième de la consommation de riz. Densément peuplé, le Bangladesh a atteint l’autosuffisance du riz, mais s’appuie sur les importations pour compléter la production modeste de blé domestique. Cette étude évalue les perspectives du Bangladesh pour incrémenter sa production de blé. Le système de production de riz et de blé a des bonnes perspectives de croissance, et répond à la demande domestique en hausse. En tenant compte des résultats, cette étude exhorte l’expansion de la production de blé dans les périodes de jachères saisonnières, en particulier dans le sud du pays. En outre, cette étude fait appel à de nouveaux investissements dans la recherche et le développement du blé pour assurer l’adaptation locale, un avantage comparatif du pays, et l’intensification durable de son élevage.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) for access to the census data. This study was made possible through the support provided by the CGIAR Research Program on Wheat agri-food system (CRP WHEAT AFS). The contents and opinions expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of views of the donor or the authors’ institution. The usual disclaimer applies.

Supplementary material

41287_2017_96_MOESM1_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 18 kb)

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Copyright information

© European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khondoker A. Mottaleb
    • 1
  • Dil Bahadur Rahut
    • 1
  • Gideon Kruseman
    • 1
  • Olaf Erenstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Socioeconomics ProgramInternational Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)TexcocoMexico

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