Nanotoxicology assessment in complementary/alternative models
Despite all the applications of nanotechnology, limited data are available on their environmental and health risks. Many nanomaterials have been developed; however, their safety evaluation is not performed at the same speed. Toxicity can occur at different trophic levels (microorganisms, invertebrates, and vertebrates), and because of that, alternative/complementary models have been successfully employed. This mini-review aims to report some studies that have successfully used different alternative models to assess nanotoxicology and to stimulate their use by other groups of this important field. This will provide more information about nanomaterials and also to evoke studies to improve formulations.
KeywordsNanotoxicology Caenorhabditis elegans Drosophila melanogaster Danio rerio Aretmia salina Daphnia magna
Authors would like to thank the funding agencies (CNPq, CAPES, and FAPERGS) for their support. Avila DS is recipient of PQ2 research fellowship.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Authors declare that no conflict of interest is involved in the production of this manuscript.
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