Micro and Nano-Crystalline Diamond Coatings of Co-cemented Tungsten Carbide Tools with Their Characterization

Abstract

In this study, a bias-enhanced hot filament CVD system with methane and hydrogen as reactant gasses was used to deposit microcrystalline diamond (MCD) and nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) films on Co-cemented tungsten carbide substrates. They were then characterized using FE-SEM, Optical microscopy, XRD, and Raman Spectroscopy. Nanocrystalline diamond coating displays wide carbon peaks near 1350 cm−1 and 1580 cm−1 in Raman Spectroscopy, which correspond to D band and G band of carbon, and a sharp band increase near 1140 cm−1 because of the presence of trans-polyacetylene, confirming the sample as a nanocrystalline diamond. Similarly, the microcrystalline diamond phase was observed at 1350 cm−1 as broadened carbon peaks. The average grain size of the homogenous diamond film was roughly less than 90 nm, several tens of nanometres. The average indentation depths were 45 nm and 63 nm of MCD and NCD coatings and their average hardness values were found 80GPa and 50GPa, respectively. The morphology of the samples was observed using AFM, the average root mean square roughness of the MCD sample in the scanned area was found to be 354.11 nm and of the NCD sample was found to be 142.71 nm this indicates that the nanocrystalline diamond-coated WC was much smoother and had a smaller grain size than microcrystalline diamond coated ones. The values of the coefficient of friction vary from 0.38 to 0.42 for MCD coated sample. In contrast, for the NCD samples, the variations in the coefficient of friction were 0.30–0.36. A low coefficient of friction was observed in NCD as compared to MCD due to the presence of the graphite carbon phase.

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Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the Material Science Research Centre (MSRC) of the Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India, for allowing us to use their resources to conduct our experiment. We are also very grateful to Professor M S Ramachandra Rao, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, for his kind guidance and help without which this paper would not have been possible.

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This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

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Correspondence to Yashvir Singh.

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Singla, A., Singh, N.K., Singh, Y. et al. Micro and Nano-Crystalline Diamond Coatings of Co-cemented Tungsten Carbide Tools with Their Characterization. J Bio Tribo Corros 7, 35 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40735-020-00470-8

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Keywords

  • Micro-crystalline
  • Nano-crystalline
  • Diamond
  • Coatings
  • Tungsten carbide
  • Hot filament CVD