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Current Nutrition Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 107–115 | Cite as

Are We Going Nuts on Coconut Oil?

  • Senthilkumar Sankararaman
  • Thomas J. Sferra
Gastroenterology, Critical Care, and Lifestyle Medicine (SA McClave, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Gastroenterology, Critical Care, and Lifestyle Medicine

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Sales and consumption of coconut oil have been on the raise due to effective marketing strategies. Coconut oil is stated to offer various benefits including weight loss, improvement in immunity, heart health support, and memory enhancement. Also, it is often portrayed as an excellent source of medium chain triglycerides (MCTs). Here, we review the evidence behind the clinical utility of coconut oil consumption.

Recent Findings

Several studies consistently showed consumption of coconut oil increases low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and thereby could increase adverse cardiovascular health. Even though coconut oil has relatively high MCT concentration, the clinical benefits of commercial MCT oils cannot be generalized to coconut oil.

Summary

Until the long-term effects of coconut oil on cardiovascular health are clearly established, coconut oil should be considered as a saturated fat and its consumption should not exceed the USDA’s daily recommendation (less than 10% of total calorie intake).

Keywords

Virgin coconut oil Coconuts Lauric acid MCTs Ketogenic diets LDL-C 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Senthilkumar Sankararaman is supported by a sponsored fellowship program with the Nestlé Nutrition Institute. Thomas J. Sferra declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major Importance

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, UH Rainbow Babies and Children’s HospitalCase Western Reserve University School of MedicineClevelandUSA

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