Electronic Materials Letters

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 141–148 | Cite as

Tuning of Graphene Work Function by Alkyl Chain Length in Amine-Based Compounds

  • Sa-Rang Bae
  • Tae Won Lee
  • Kwangyong ParkEmail author
  • Soo Young KimEmail author
Original Article - Chemistry and Biomaterials


In this study, the effect of alkyl chain length in amine-based compounds on the work function of graphene was investigated. The graphene was synthesized by the chemical vapor deposition method. The graphene layers were functionalized by amine-based groups using a simple spin-coating method. The amine-based compounds were composed of phenyl amine and methyl-, ethyl-, propyl-, n/t-butyl-, and octyl-phenyl amine groups. Materials were confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to show the C and N bonding. The work function of the doped graphene layers decreased because of the effect of the doping agents. Among the doped graphene samples, t-butyl-phenyl amine functionalized graphene achieved the lowest work function of 3.89 eV (compared with 4.43 eV for pristine graphene). Further, the sheet resistance of n-doped graphene increased, confirming the high concentration of n-doping agents on the graphene layers. These results suggest the best alkyl chain is the t-butyl group to reduce the work function of graphene, and promise the use of these materials as cathodes for opto-electronic applications.

Graphical Abstract


Graphene Work function Amine-based compounds n-doping 



This research was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIP) (Nos. 2018R1A4A1022647); and this research was supported by the Chung-Ang University Research Scholarship Grants in 2015.


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemical Engineering and Materials ScienceChung-Ang UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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