Cross-sectional sero-prevalence study of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in goats of Syangja and Kaski districts of Nepal
A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine sero-prevalence of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) among goat population of outbreak suspected areas; Kaski and Syangja districts of Nepal. A total of 460 goat serum samples were tested by using c-ELISA for the presence of antibodies against PPR. Out of the 460 samples tested, 380 samples were found positive, giving overall sero-positivity of 82.60%. Significantly higher sero-prevalence was found (*P < 0.05) in females (87.50%) compared to males (70.45%) and crossbreed goats were found highly susceptible than the pure breed goats (*P < 0.05). Likewise, higher sero-prevalence of PPR was observed in adults and cross breed goats compared to their counterparts and significantly higher sero-prevalence was observed in Syangja district compared to Kaski. Thus, adults, females and cross-breeds populations of goats are at higher risk of PPR whereas geographically, goat population of Syangja district were found significantly prone to PPR. Appropriate control measures, such as ring vaccination can be followed to prevent the potential outbreak situation.
KeywordsGoats Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) Sero-prevalence Nepal
- 1.Abdalla AS, Majok AA, El Malik KH, Ali AS. Sero-prevalence of peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) in small ruminants in Blue Nile, Gadaref and North Kordofan States of Sudan. J Public Heal Epidemiol. 2012;4:59–64.Google Scholar
- 6.Annual Technical Report [Internet]. Tripureshwor, Kathmandu, Central Veterinary Laboratory, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Livestock Development, Government of Nepal. 2015. http://www.cvl.gov.np/uploads/files/5324820354.pdf. Accessed 22 Dec 2017.
- 13.Bello AM, Lawal JR, Dauda J, Wakil Y, Lekko YM, Mshellia ES, et al. Research for peste des petits ruminants (PPR) virus antibodies in goats, sheep and gazelle from Bauchi and Gombe states, North Eastern Nigeria. Direct Res J Agric Food Sci. 2016;4:193–8.Google Scholar
- 14.Bhaskar SR, Deshmukh VV, Chopade NA, Rautmare SS. Seroprevalence of Peste Des Petits Ruminants in Maharashtra. Indian J Anim Res. 2009;43:285–7.Google Scholar
- 15.Daniel WW, editor. Biostatistics: a foundation for analysis in the health sciences. 7th ed. New York: Wiley; 1999.Google Scholar
- 17.DoAH. Annual Epidemiological Bulletin. Tripureshwor, Kathmandu: Veterinary Epidemiological Centre, Directorate of Animal Health; 2015.Google Scholar
- 18.El-Yuguda AD, Abubakar MB, Nabi AB, Andrew A, Baba SS. Outbreak of peste des petits ruminant in an unvaccinated Sahel goat farm in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Afr J Biomed Res. 2008;12:83–7.Google Scholar
- 20.Janus A, Tresamol PV, Saseendranath MR, Vijayakumar K, Pillai UN. Seroprevalence of PPR in goats in Kerala by cELISA. J Vet Anim Sci. 2009;40:15–6.Google Scholar
- 21.Jha VK, Singh DB, Thakuri KC, Gautam SP. National workshop. In: Gurung TB, Joshi BR, Singh UM, Paudel KP, Shrestha BS, Rijal KP et al (eds) Research & development strategies for goat enterprises in Nepal. 2013. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Tek_Gurung/publication/257143203_Proceedings_of_the_National_Workshop_on_Research_and_Development_Strategies_for_Goat_Enterprises_in_Nepal/links/0deec524bc1267ea34000000/Proceedings-of-the-National-Workshop-on-Research. Accessed 9 Nov 2017
- 22.Khakural GP. Surveillance of goat diseases in the Western Hills of Nepal. Nepal J Sci Technol. 2003;5:37–40.Google Scholar
- 23.Khakural GP, Upreti CR. Proceedings of the 3rd national workshop on livestock and fisheries research in Nepal. 1999. p. 148–52. http://coin.fao.org/coin-static/cms/media/22/14376249192440/a_compendium_of_livestock_and_fisheries_research_highlights_in_nepal.pdf. Accessed 9 Nov 2017.
- 28.Mehmood A, Ali Q, Gadahi JA, Malik SA, Shah SI. Detection of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) virus antibodies in sheep and goat populations of the north west frontier province (NWFP) of Pakistan by competitive elisa (cELISA). Vet World. 2009;2:333–6.Google Scholar
- 29.Naing L, Winn T, Rusli BN. Practical issues in calculating the sample size for prevalence studies. Arch Orofac Sci. 2006;1:9–14.Google Scholar
- 30.Nizamani AR, Nizamani ZA, Umrani AP, Dewani P, Vandiar MA, Gandahi JA, et al. Prevalence of peste des petits ruminants virus antibodies in small Ruminantsin Sindh, Pakistan. J Anim Plant Sci. 2015;25:1515–9.Google Scholar