In this paper we examine the effect of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on the level of fish intake in China in comparison with the rest of the world. We also analyse the origin and destination of China’s seafood products in order to understand the main patterns during the last decades. The results show that in the 1961–2011 period the rate of growth of the GDP in China doubled that of other developing regions, while the daily fish intake of China increased fourfold, making China the largest fish consumer in the world. Given the size and scale of China’s role in production, consumption, and global transformation of seafood markets, China is shaping a new era of industrialization in the history of the fishing industry.
KeywordsEconomic growth Global seafood supply Marine social–ecological systems Sustainability China
The authors are very grateful to Bo Söderström (Editor-in-Chief) for his valuable comments and suggestions that improved the final version of this paper. They also thank Félix Francisco Chumbiray Mendoza (Ministry of Production, Peru), and participants in the Subregional Workshop for South America on Valuation and Incentive Measures (Santiago de Chile, May 14–17 2012) organized by the UNEP Program and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) for fruitful discussions. SV was funded by Pedro Barrié de la Maza Foundation, Campus do Mar-International Campus of Excellence and the Norwegian Research Council. SRR acknowledges the financial support of the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID).
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