Differential effect of treadmill exercise on histone deacetylase activity in rat striatum at different stages of development
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The study described herein aimed to evaluate the impact of exercise on histone acetylation markers in striatum from Wistar rats at different stages of development. Male Wistar rats were submitted to two different exercise protocols: a single session of treadmill (running 20 min) or a moderate daily exercise protocol (running 20 min for 2 weeks). Striata of rats aged 39 days postnatal (adolescents), 3 months (young adults), and 20 months (aged) were used. The single exercise session induced persistent effects on global HDAC activity only in the adolescent group, given that exercised rats showed decreased HDAC activity 1 and 18 h after training, without effect on histone H4 acetylation levels. However, the moderate daily exercise did not alter any histone acetylation marker in adolescent and mature groups in any time point evaluated after training. In sum, our data suggest that exercise impacts striatal HDAC activity in an age- and protocol-dependent manner. Specifically, this response seems to be more evident during the adolescent period and might suffer a molecular adaptation in response to chronic training.
KeywordsWistar rats Forced exercise Histone deacetylases Striatum Stage of development
This work was supported, in part, by Grant 476634/2013-0 from Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico—CNPq/Brazil. CNPq fellowships (Dr. I.R. Siqueira; V.R. Elsner; K. Bertoldi); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior—CAPES fellowships (L.C. Meireles); Programa de Bolsas de Iniciação Científica—UFRGS (L.R. Cechinel; C.Basso).
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