Klotho, BDNF, NGF, GDNF Levels and Related Factors in Withdrawal Period in Chronic Cannabinoid Users

Abstract

Klotho and neurotropic factors have recently been shown to be related to some psychiatric disorders and neurocognitive disorders, but there is no study on this issue within substance users. In this study, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), nerve growth factor (NGF), glial derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and klotho serum levels of a patient group consisting of 27 chronic cannabis users according to the DSM-V and 27 healthy volunteers were compared, and their relationships with other the clinical features of other patients were evaluated. Clinical scales, the Buss–Perry Aggression Scale, and the Substance Craving Scale were repeated on the first day of hospitalisation and on the seventh day of withdrawal. BDNF, GDNF, NGF and klotho levels were analysed using the ELISA method. There was no differences between the cannabinoid use disorder group and the control group regarding their klotho and other neurotrophic levels, but initiation age of cannabis use was negatively correlated with these levels. In addition, there was a relationship between verbal aggression scores and BDNF and NGF levels. There was a positive correlation between klotho and neurotrophic factors in all groups (patient group Day 1, patient group Day 7, control group) (p < 0.01). When comparing the difference between the correlations using the cocor (a comprehensive solution for the statistical comparison of correlations), the klotho–GDNF and klotho–NGF correlations for the first day of the patient group and the control group were different. In this study, rather than a difference in klotho levels and neurotropic factors, a significant relationship between these markers and each other and clinical parameters was demonstrated; further studies are needed to understand the exact mechanism.

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The data that support the findings of this study are available on request from the corresponding author. The data are not publicly available because of privacy or ethical restrictions.

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All authors declare that all data and materials, as well as software applications or custom code, support their published claims and comply with field standards.

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Acknowledgments

We want to say thank you to “Sakarya University Sciantific Research Unit” for their support to our Laboratuary.

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Correspondence to Esra Yazici.

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Ethical approval was obtained from the local ethics committee (No. 71522473/050.01.04/21).

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Yazici, A.B., Guzel, D., Kurt, E.M. et al. Klotho, BDNF, NGF, GDNF Levels and Related Factors in Withdrawal Period in Chronic Cannabinoid Users. Ind J Clin Biochem (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12291-021-00959-0

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Keywords

  • Klotho
  • Neurotophic factor
  • Synthetic cannabinoid