Children’s Self-Concept of their Well-Being in Rawalpindi and Islamabad: Actor’s Perspectives of Identity and Existence

  • Makhtoom Ahmed
  • Muhammad Zaman


Psychological investigations of the self-concept of children constitute a significant body of knowledge. This study focuses on self-concept from a sociological perspective, viewing self-concept as a social construct instead of a psychological construct. Drawing data from qualitative in-depth interviews with 30 children aged 8 to 12, the article asserts that children describe their self-concept within their cultural context. Focusing on the Pakistani context, we demonstrate the cultural embeddedness of self-concept by showing that children describe their social identity with reference to specific ideas of traditional gender roles and with reference to religious and national identifications which are formally valued in Pakistan. The importance of acting as moral agents who consider it obligatory to undertake domestic roles, perform well at school and support their family members in the future is also emphasized. We argue that there are multiple domains of self-concept, within which children represent themselves in a specific cultural context.


Self-concept children’s wellbeing Self-identity Agency Pakistan 



We acknowledge the services of Prof. Tobia Fattore in editing and correction of the text of the manuscript. Indeed, he deserves a lot of appreciation.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors do not disclose any conflict of interests for this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyBaluchistan University of Information Technology, Engineering and Management SciencesQuettaPakistan
  2. 2.Department of SociologyQuaid-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan

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