The present research assessed the psychometric multidimensionality and criterion-related validity the Interpersonal Behaviours Questionnaire using the bifactor-exploratory structural equation modeling framework. Study 1 relied on a sample of 772 participants, and supported the superiority of a bifactor-ESEM representation compared to alternative representations. Ratings of need supportive and thwarting behaviors simultaneously reflected a global overarching need nurturing behaviors construct (rather than two separate need supportive and need thwarting behaviors), which co-existed with six specific dimensions (autonomy, competence, and relatedness need supportive and thwarting behaviors). These results were replicated in a second independent sample of 742 participants and across gender. Our findings supported the criterion-related validity of interpersonal behaviors in relation to positive affect, negative affect, and need fulfillment across samples and genders. We finally discuss the theoretical and practical implications of relying on the bifactor-ESEM framework when investigating need supportive and thwarting interpersonal behaviors.
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For comparison purposes, we also estimated higher-order CFA and ESEM models matching the bifactor solutions. All of these higher-order models demonstrated worse model fit when compared to their bifactor counterparts, and models including two higher-order factors also converged on very high estimates of the correlation between the two higher-order factors. Fit indices associated with these higher-order models are provided in Table S11.
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The first author was supported in the preparation of the manuscript by a Horizon Postdoctoral Fellowship from Concordia University and by the ÚNKP-17-3 New National Excellence Program of the Ministry of Human Capacities from Eötvös Loránd University. The second author was supported by a grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (435-2018-0368). The fourth author was supported by a postdoctoral fellowship from the SCOUP Team – Sexuality and Couples – Fonds de recherche du Québec, Société et Culture. The seventh author was supported by the Hungarian Research Fund (NKFI FK 124225). The previous version of this paper was written while the first author was doing his PhD studies at Eötvös Loránd University.
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Tóth-Király, I., Morin, A.J., Gillet, N. et al. Refining the assessment of need supportive and need thwarting interpersonal behaviors using the bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling framework. Curr Psychol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-020-00828-8
- Exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM)
- Interpersonal Behaviours questionnaire (IBQ)
- Need support and thwarting
- Self-determination theory (SDT)