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Early Neoarchaean A-type granitic magmatism by crustal reworking in Singhbhum craton: Evidence from Pala Lahara area, Orissa

  • Abhishek Topno
  • Sukanta Dey
  • Yongsheng Liu
  • Keqing Zong
Article
  • 85 Downloads

Abstract

Several volumetrically minor \(\sim \)2.8 Ga anorogenic granites and rhyolites occur along the marginal part of the Singhbhum craton whose origin and role in crustal evolution are poorly constrained. This contribution presents petrographic, geochemical, zircon U–Pb and trace element, and mineral chemical data on such granites exposed in the Pala Lahara area to understand their petrogenesis and tectonic setting. The Pala Lahara granites are calc-alkaline, high-silica rocks and define a zircon U–Pb age of 2.79 Ga. These granites are ferroan, weakly metaluminous, depleted in Al, Ca and Mg and rich in LILE and HFSE. They are classified as A2-type granites with high Y/Nb ratios. Geochemical characteristics (high \(\hbox {SiO}_{2}\) and \(\hbox {K}_{2}\hbox {O}\), very low MgO, Mg#, Cr, Ni and V, negative Eu anomaly, flat HREE and low Sr/Y) and comparison with melts reported by published experimental studies suggest an origin through high-temperature, shallow crustal melting of tonalitic/granodioritic source similar to the \(\sim \)3.3 Ga Singhbhum Granite. Intrusion of the Pala Lahara granites was coeval with prominent mafic magmatism in the Singhbhum craton (e.g., the Dhanjori mafic volcanic rocks and NNE–SSW trending mafic dyke swarm). It is suggested that the \(\sim \)2.8 Ga A-type granites in the Singhbhum craton mark a significant crustal reworking event attendant to mantle-derived mafic magmatism in an extensional tectonic setting.

Keywords

Granite A-type geochemistry Archean crustal reworking Singhbhum craton 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Insightful comments from two anonymous journal reviewers and effective editorial handing by Prof. Rajesh Srivastava helped to improve the quality of the paper. SD acknowledges Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India research Grant MoES/P.O.(Geosci)/45/2015. AT has received a Ph.D. research fellowship from Indian School of Mines. The laboratory facilities in the Department of Applied Geology, IIT(ISM), funded through DST FIST Level II Project No. SR/FST/ESII-014/2012(C), are also acknowledged. The research is also supported by the MOST Special Funds of the State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources (MSFGPMR01).

Supplementary material

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© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied GeologyIndian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines)DhanbadIndia
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, School of Earth SciencesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina

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