Simultaneous Increase of Both Strength and Ductility of Medium Mn Transformation-Induced Plasticity Steel by Vanadium Alloying
In general, microalloying such as vanadium (V) is considered to deteriorate the mechanical stability of austenite grains in medium Mn steel due to the consumption of C content. In this paper, we show that the mechanical stability of austenite grains could be optimized by V-alloying. This is because the V-alloying will refine the austenite grain size and tends to stabilize the austenite grains. The competition between the grain refinement and the reduced C content results in proper mechanical stability of austenite grains, providing continuous transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) effect. In addition, the V-alloying suppresses the formation of intergranular cracks, leading to a ductile fracture morphology and a large non-uniform elongation.
M.X. Huang acknowledges the financial support from the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong (Nos. HKU719712E, HKU712713E, 17203014) and National Science Foundation of China (No. 51301148).