A quasi-experimental evaluation of the impact of bike-sharing stations on micro-level robbery occurrence
To examine if the implementation of bike-sharing stations is linked to robbery occurrence in micro-level street corner units in Cincinnati, OH, USA.
Propensity score matching was used to select comparison street corner units. The effect of bike-sharing station implementation on robbery occurrence across weekly, biweekly, and monthly observations was estimated using repeated measures multi-level logistic regression models.
Bike-sharing stations did not statistically significantly link to robbery occurrence in immediate or nearby street corner units after implementation.
Numerous explanations consistent with Crime Pattern Theory may explain the null effect of bike-sharing stations on robbery occurrence. Future research should continue to examine how changes in the urban backcloth, such as bike-sharing stations, impact geographic crime patterns.
KeywordsBike-sharing stations Crime Pattern Theory Geography of crime Criminology of place Robbery
The authors thank J.C. Barnes and the anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments on drafts of the manuscript.
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