Gender gaps and reentry into entrepreneurial ecosystems after business failure

  • Sharon A. Simmons
  • Johan Wiklund
  • Jonathan Levie
  • Steve W. Bradley
  • Sanwar A. Sunny


Despite the significant role played by serial entrepreneurs in the entrepreneurial process, we know little about group differences in reentry decisions after business failure. Using an ecosystem framework and stigma theory, we investigate the variance in gender gaps related to the reentry decisions of 8171 entrepreneurs from 35 countries who experienced business failures. We find evidence of persisting gender gaps that vary across ecosystem framework conditions of public stigma of business failure and public fear of business failure. Our findings shed new light on ecosystem inefficiencies that arise from multiple interactions between entrepreneurs and institutions.


Gender Business failure Stigma Fear of failure Entrepreneurship Ecosystems 

JEL classification

J16 L24 J26 M13 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sharon A. Simmons
    • 1
  • Johan Wiklund
    • 2
  • Jonathan Levie
    • 3
  • Steve W. Bradley
    • 4
  • Sanwar A. Sunny
    • 1
  1. 1.Henry W. Bloch School of ManagementUniversity of Missouri – Kansas CityKansas CityUSA
  2. 2.Martin J. Whitman School of ManagementSyracuse UniversitySyracuseUSA
  3. 3.Hunter Centre for EntrepreneurshipUniversity of StrathclydeGlasgowUK
  4. 4.Hankamer School of BusinessBaylor UniversityWacoUSA

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