, Volume 56, Issue 1, pp 342–353 | Cite as

Leptolyngbya CCM 4, a cyanobacterium with far-red photoacclimation from Cuatro Ciénegas Basin, México

  • C. Gómez-Lojero
  • L. E. Leyva-Castillo
  • P. Herrera-Salgado
  • J. Barrera-Rojas
  • E. Ríos-Castro
  • E. B. Gutiérrez-Cirlos


A cyanobacterium containing phycobiliproteins with far-red acclimation was isolated from Pozas Rojas, Cuatro Ciénegas, México. It was named Leptolyngbya CCM 4 after phylogenetic analysis and a description of its morphological characteristics. Leptolyngbya was grown in far-red light. Sucrose-gradient analysis of the pigments revealed two different colored bands of phycobiliproteins. A band at 60% sucrose was a phycocyanin containing phycobilisome; at 35% sucrose, a new type of phycobiliprotein absorbed at 710 nm. SDS-PAGE revealed the presence of two types of core-membrane linkers. Analysis of the hydrophobic pigments extracted from the thylakoid membranes revealed Chl a, d, and f. The ratio of Chl f/a was reversibly changed from 1:12–16 under far-red light to an undetectable concentration of Chl f under white light. Cuatro Ciénegas, a place surrounded by the desert, is a new ecosystem where a cyanobacterium, which grows in farred light, was discovered.

Additional key words

chlorophyll f Cuatro Ciénegas Basin far-red light photosynthesis phycobilisomes 







complementary chromatic acclimation


clear native electrophoresis


far-red light photoacclimation


ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase




core membrane linker








phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride


repetitive sequence


red light


thylakoid membranes


whole cell extract


white light


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Copyright information

© The Institute of Experimental Botany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Gómez-Lojero
    • 1
  • L. E. Leyva-Castillo
    • 1
  • P. Herrera-Salgado
    • 1
  • J. Barrera-Rojas
    • 1
  • E. Ríos-Castro
    • 2
  • E. B. Gutiérrez-Cirlos
    • 3
  1. 1.Departmento de BioquímicaCentro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados del IPNCdMxMexico
  2. 2.Laboratorio Nacional de Servicios Experimentales Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados del IPNTlanepantlaMexico
  3. 3.Unidad de BiomedicinaFES-Iztacala UNAMTlanepantlaMexico

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