, Volume 56, Issue 1, pp 366–381 | Cite as

Photosynthesis and salinity: are these mutually exclusive?

  • S. Wungrampha
  • R. Joshi
  • S. L. Singla-Pareek
  • A. Pareek


Photosynthesis has walked into the path of evolution for over millions of years. Organisms relying directly on photosynthesis, when subjected to adverse environments for a long duration, experience retardation in their growth and development. Salinity stress is perceived as one of the major threats to agriculture as it can cause an irreversible damage to the photosynthetic apparatus at any developmental stage of the plant. However, halophytes, a special category of plants, carry out all life processes, including photosynthesis, without showing any compromise even under high saline environments. The fascinating mechanism for Na+ exclusion from cytosol besides retaining photosynthetic efficiency in halophytes can provide a valuable genetic resource for improving salt stress tolerance in glycophytes. Understanding how plants stabilize their photosynthetic machinery and maintain the carbon balance under saline conditions can be extremely useful in designing crops for saline and dry lands.

Additional key words

adaptation chlorophyll glycophytes halophytes photosynthesis salinity 



Crassulacean acid metabolism


Calvin–Benson–Bassham cycle


chloroplast protrusions


glycine betaine










photochemical reaction centre


plastid terminal oxidase




reaction centre


ribulose-1,5- bisphosphate








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Copyright information

© The Institute of Experimental Botany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Wungrampha
    • 1
  • R. Joshi
    • 1
  • S. L. Singla-Pareek
    • 2
  • A. Pareek
    • 1
  1. 1.Stress Physiology and Molecular Biology Laboratory, School of Life SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Plant Stress Biology Group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and BiotechnologyAruna Asaf Ali MargNew DelhiIndia

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