, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 469–473 | Cite as

Water-use efficiency in Flaveria species under drought-stress conditions

Brief Communication


Environmental conditions that promote photorespiration are considered to be a major driving force for the evolution of C4 species from C3 ancestors. The genus Flaveria contains C3 and C4 species as well as a variety of intermediate species. In this study, we compare the water-use efficiency of intermediate Flaveria species to that of C3 and C4 species. The results indicate that under both well-watered and a drought-stress condition, C3–C4 and C4-like intermediacy in Flaveria species improve water-use efficiency as compared to C3 species.

Additional key words

drought stress Flaveria intermediate species water-use efficiency 



drought stress


phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase


ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase


water-use efficiency


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This work was supported by Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT): grant reference SFRH/BPD/41700/2007.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM), Department of BiologyUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Ecology, Evolution and DiversityJ.W. Goethe UniversityFrankfurt am MainGermany
  3. 3.Biodiversity and Climate Research CentreFrankfurt am MainGermany

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