International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 427–429 | Cite as

Implementing clinical pharmacy within undergraduate teaching in Namibia

  • Nicola RudallEmail author
  • Francis Kalemeera
  • Timothy Rennie


Clinical pharmacy is currently not practised in Namibia. To introduce the concept and skills pertinent to this area of practice, pharmacy undergraduates at Namibia’s new School of Pharmacy are introduced to clinical pharmacy from their second year, and progress from theory to practical application on the wards. This approach has led to students having a greater understanding of clinical pharmacy and how it can be applied in practice. Introducing clinical pharmacy progressively at an undergraduate level may help to stimulate interest in the speciality for future career progression.


Clinical pharmacy Namibia Pharmacy education Undergraduate education 



Mr Dan Kibuule, Head of Department, Pharmacy Practice and Policy, for his support and assistance in implementing the clinical training within the programme.


The position of the clinical instructor was funded by a grant from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Conflicts of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.


  1. 1.
    The World Bank [Internet], Washington DC, c.2014 (cited 2015, January 6th).
  2. 2.
    USAID & PEPFAR, Commercial prospects for donor-funded Namibian non-governmental organizations, SHOPS (Strengthening Health Outcomes through the Private Sector), June 2013.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Trading Economics [Internet], New York City, c.2014 (cited 2015, January 6th). Available from:
  4. 4.
    American College of Clinical Pharmacy. The definition of clinical pharmacy. Pharmacotherapy. 2008;28(6):816–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hepler CD, Strand LM. Opportunities and responsibilities in pharmaceutical care. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1990;47(3):533–43.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Maatschappij ter bevordering der Pharmacie 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicola Rudall
    • 1
    Email author
  • Francis Kalemeera
    • 1
  • Timothy Rennie
    • 1
  1. 1.School of PharmacyUniversity of NamibiaWindhoekNamibia

Personalised recommendations