Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 569–579 | Cite as

Removal of Carbon Disulfide from Gas Streams Using Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Coupled with MnO2 Catalysis System

Original Paper


The removal of gaseous carbon disulfide (CS2) via dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) combined with MnO2 catalysis has been investigated. CS2 removal and energy yield (EY) had been examined as a function of catalyzer position in DBD reactor, initial CS2 concentration, input power, and gas residence time. The results showed that DBD combined with MnO2 catalyst can improve the CS2 energy and removal efficiency, and MnO2 catalyst placed in afterglow area can enhance the CS2 removal efficiency by about 10 % as compared with DBD treatment only. When increasing initial CS2 concentration and flow rate, a higher EY is obtained. The possible CS2 removal pathways by DBD combined with MnO2 were proposed based on the product identification by FT-IR.


Dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) MnO2 CS2 Removal efficiency CS2 removal energy yield 



The authors wish to thank the Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned overseas Chinese Scholars, Ministry of Education of China (2012JYLH0426); Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (21177034) and Key Laboratory of Environmental Science and Engineering of Jiangsu province, China (ZD071202) for support this study.


  1. 1.
    Wang L, Wang SD, Yuan Q (2007) Removal of carbon disulfide via coupled reactions on a bi-functional catalyst: experimental and modeling results. Chemosphere 69:1689–1694CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Price B, Bergman TS, Rodríguez M, Henrich RT, Moran EJ (1997) A review of carbon disulfide exposure data and the association between carbon disulfide exposure and ischemic heart disease mortality. Regul Toxicol Pharm 26:19–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wronska-Nofer T, Nofer JR, Stetkiewicz J, Wierzbicka M, Bolinska H, Fobker M (2007) Evidence for oxidative stress at elevated plasma thiol levels in chronic exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2) and coronary heart disease. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc 17:546–553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang L, Wu Y, Wang SD, Yuan Q (2008) Coupling catalytic hydrolysis and oxidation for CS2 removal. J Environ Sci 20:436–440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Xu XJ (2001) Dielectric barrier discharge properties and applications. Thin Solid Films 390:237–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Xia LY, Huang L, Shu XH, Zhang RX, Dong WB, Hou HQ (2008) Removal of ammonia from gas streams with dielectric barrier discharge plasmas. J Hazard Mater 152:113–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Holzer F, Roland U, Kopinke FD (2002) Combination of non-thermal plasma and heterogeneous catalysis for oxidation of volatile organic compounds: part 1. Accessibility of the intra-particle volume. Appl Catal B 38:163–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Krawczyk K, Mlotek M (2001) Combined plasma-catalytic processing of nitrous oxide. Appl Catal B 30:233–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Futamura S (2005) VOCs Removal with Nonthermal Plasma and Catalysts. J Jpn Inst Energy 84:474–479Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Liu HX, Liu Y (2011) Removal of P-Xylene by a DBD-type plasma combined with catalyst. J Environ Eng Manage 10:749–753Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Vandenbroucke AM, Morent R, Geyter ND, Leys C (2011) Non-thermal plasmas for non-catalytic and catalytic VOC abatement. J Hazard Mater 195:30–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kirkpatrick MJ, Odic E, Zinola S, Lavy J (2012) Plasma assisted heterogeneous catalytic oxidation: HCCI diesel engine investigations. Appl Catal B 117:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Einaga H, Ibusuki T, Futamura S (2001) Performance evaluation of a hybrid system comprising silent discharge plasma and manganese oxide catalysts for benzene decomposition. IEEE Trans Ind Appl 37:1476–1482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fan X, Zhu TL, Wang MY, Li XM (2009) Removal of low-concentration BTX in air using a combined plasma catalysis system. Chemosphere 75:1301–1306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Han SB, Oda T, Ono R (2005) Improvement of the energy efficiency in the decomposition of dilute trichloroethylene by the barrier discharge plasma process. IEEE Trans Ind Appl 41:1343–1349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Langley CE, Çljuki B, Banks CE, Compton RG (2007) Manganese dioxide graphite composite electrodes: application to the electroanalysis of hydrogen peroxide, ascorbic acid and nitrite. Anal Sci 23:165–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ayrault C, Barrault J, Blin-Simiand N, Jorand F, Pasquiers S, Rousseau A, Tatibouët JM (2004) Oxidation of 2-heptanone in air by a DBD-type plasma generated within a honeycomb monolith supported Pt-based catalyst. Catal Today 89:75–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fan HY, Shi C, Li XS, Zhao DZ, Xu Y, Zhu AM (2009) High-efficiency plasma catalytic removal of dilute benzene from air. J Phys D Appl Phys 42:225105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Fei JB, Cui Y, Yan XH, Qi W, Yang Y, Wang KW, He Q, Li JB (2008) Controlled preparation of MnO2 hierarchical hollow nanostructures and their application in water treatment. Adv Mater 20:452–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wang CY, Zhang Y, Han JR, Zhang M (2009) Analysis of the factors of diethylamine spectro-photometric method to determine the content of carbon disulfide in ambient air. Instrum Anal Monit 1:44–46Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Fang HJ, Hou HQ, Xia LY, Shu XH, Zhang RX (2007) A combined plasma photolysis (CPP) methodfor removal of CS2 from gas streams at atmospheric pressure. Chemosphere 69:1734–1739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kim HH, Prieto G, Takashima K, Katsura S, Mizuno A (2002) Performance evaluation of discharge plasma process for gaseous pollution removal. J Electrostat 55:25–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ruan JJ, Li W, Shi Y, Nie Y, Wang X, Tan TE (2005) Decomposition of simulated odors in municipal wastewater treatment plants by a wire-plate pulse corona reactor. Chemosphere 59:327–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Huang L, Xia LY, Ge XX, Jing HY, Dong WB, Hou HQ (2012) Removal of H2S from gas stream using combined plasma photolysis technique at atmospheric pressure. Chemosphere 88(2):229–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Chirokov A, Gutsol A, Fridman A, Sieber KD, Grace JM, Robinson KS (2004) Analysis of two-dimensional microdischarge distribution in dielectric-barrier discharges. Plasma Sources Sci Technol 13(4):623–635CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kim HS, Stair PC (2004) Bacterially produced manganese oxide and todorokite: UV raman spectroscopic comparison. J Phys Chem B 108:17019–17026CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Li SJ, Ma ZC, Ding KQ, Liu JZ (2007) Inhibition Effect of δ-MnO2 on TiO2 photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange. Chem J Chinese U 28:2338–2342Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Chen HL, Lee HM, Chen SH, Chang MB, Yu SJ, Li SN (2009) Removal of volatile organic compounds by single-stage and two-stage plasma catalysis systems: a review of the performance enhancement mechanisms, current status, and suitable applications. Environ Sci Technol 43:2216–2227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Zheng GY, Jiang JM, Wu YP, Zhang RX, Hou HQ (2003) The mutual conversion of CO2 and CO in dielectric barrier discharge (DBD). Plasma Chem Plasma Process 23:59–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Ye ZL, Zhang YN, Li P, Yang LY, Zhang RX, Hou HQ (2008) Feasibility of destruction of gaseous benzene with dielectric barrier discharge. J Hazard Mater 156:356–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Chang JS (2001) Recent development of plasma pollution control technology: a critical review. Sci Technol Adv Mat 2:571–576CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Li XB (2008) Study on the characteristics of dielectric barrier discharge and the removal of cyclohexanone by dielectric barrier discharge. Master Dissertation of Dalian Maritime UniversityGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Atkinson R, Baulch DL, Cox RA, Hampson RF Jr, Kerr JA, Troe J (1992) Evaluated kinetic and photochemical data for atmospheric chemistry. Supplement IV. IUPAC subcommittee on gas kinetic data evaluation for atmospheric chemistry. J Phys Chem Ref Data 21:1125–1568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Naydenov A, Mehandjiev D (1993) Complete oxidation of benzene on manganese dioxide by ozone. Appl Catal A 97:17–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Li W, Gibbs GV, Oyama ST (1998) Mechanism of ozone decomposition on a manganese oxide catalyst 1. In situ Raman spectroscopy and Ab initio molecular orbital calculations. J Am Chem Soc 120:9041–9046CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Li W, Oyama ST (1998) Mechanism of ozone decomposition on a manganese oxide catalyst 2. Steady-state and transient kinetic studies. J Am Chem Soc 120:9047–9052CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Harling AM, Glover DJ, Whitehead JC, Zhang K (2009) The role of ozone in the plasma-catalytic destruction of environmental pollutants. Appl Catal B 90:157–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Resources and Environmental EngineeringHefei University of TechnologyHefeiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Center of Analysis and MeasurementHefei University of TechnologyHefeiPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.New York State Department of HealthWadsworth CenterAlbanyUSA

Personalised recommendations