New Forests

, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 671–686 | Cite as

Should we respect the historical reference as basis for the objective of forest restoration? A case study from Northeastern China

  • Jing Yao
  • Xingyuan He
  • Hongshi He
  • Wei Chen
  • Limin Dai
  • Bernard J. Lewis
  • Xiaotao Lv
  • Lizhong Yu


Under climate change, the adoption of historical reference as the objective of forest restoration is being questioned. In this study, the spatially explicit forest landscape model LANDIS was utilized to analyze how the forest landscape in the upper Hun River area of Liaoning province in northeast China would be affected under current climate trends and future climate change; and to explore whether the historical reference should be the objective of restoration efforts. The results showed that (1) the area percentage (AP) of Quercusmongolica under climate change is always higher than that under the current climate regime, while the AP of Pinuskoraiensis is lower than that under current climate; and (2) the competitive ability of Q. mongolica and Populus davidiana increases, while that of other species decreases under climate change. As interspecies competition shifts under climate change, the historical reference appears in appropriate to serve as the objective of forest restoration. In addition, although Q. mongolica would likely benefit from a warmer and drier climate, use of this species for forest restoration under climate change still requires further research.


Forest restoration Climate change LANDIS Forest succession Species competition 



Funding for this study was provided by the National Science & Technology Major Project of China (No. 2012ZX07202-008), and the National Science & Technology Pillar Program of China (No. 2012BAC05B00).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Yao
    • 1
  • Xingyuan He
    • 1
  • Hongshi He
    • 1
  • Wei Chen
    • 1
  • Limin Dai
    • 1
  • Bernard J. Lewis
    • 1
  • Xiaotao Lv
    • 1
  • Lizhong Yu
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Forest and Soil Ecology, Institute of Applied EcologyChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangChina

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