Degeneracy conditions of the dynamic model of parallel robots
Despite their well-known advantages in terms of higher intrinsic rigidity, larger payload-to-weight ratio, and higher velocity and acceleration capacities, parallel robots have drawbacks. Among them, the most important one is surely the presence of singularities in the workspace, which divide the workspace into different aspects (each aspect corresponding to one or more assembly modes) and near which the performance is considerably reduced.
In order to increase the reachable workspace of parallel robots, a promising solution consists in the definition of optimal trajectories passing through the singularities to change either the leg working modes or the robot assembly modes. Previous works on the field have shown that it is possible to define optimal trajectories that allow the passing through the robot type 2 singularities. Such trajectories must respect a physical criterion that can be obtained through the analysis of the degeneracy conditions of the parallel robot inverse dynamic model.
However, the mentioned works were not complete: they lacked a degeneracy condition of the parallel robot inverse dynamic model, which is not due to type 2 singularity anymore, but to a serial singularity. Crossing a serial singularity is appealing as in that case we can change the robot leg working mode and then potentially access to other workspace zones. This absence is due to the fact that the authors used a reduced dynamic model, which was not taking into account all link dynamic parameters.
The present paper aims to fill this gap by providing a complete study of the degeneracy conditions of the parallel robot dynamic model and by demonstrating that it is possible to cross the type 2, but also serial singularity, by defining trajectories that respect some given criteria obtained from the analysis of the degeneracy of the robot dynamic model. It also aims to demonstrate that the serial singularities have impacts on the robot effort transmission, which is a point that is usually bypassed in the literature. All theoretical developments are validated through simulations and experiments.
KeywordsParallel robot Dynamics Singularity
This work was sponsored by the French government research program “Investissements d’avenir” through the RobotEx Equipment of Excellence (ANR-10-EQPX-44) and by the French Institute for Advanced Mechanics (IFMA).
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