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Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry

, Volume 37, Issue 4, pp 694–710 | Cite as

“Now he walks and walks, as if he didn’t have a home where he could eat”: Food, Healing, and Hunger in Quechua Narratives of Madness

  • David M. R. Orr
Original Paper

Abstract

In the Quechua-speaking peasant communities of southern Peru, mental disorder is understood less as individualized pathology and more as a disturbance in family and social relationships. For many Andeans, food and feeding are ontologically fundamental to such relationships. This paper uses data from interviews and participant observation in a rural province of Cuzco to explore the significance of food and hunger in local discussions of madness. Carers’ narratives, explanatory models, and theories of healing all draw heavily from idioms of food sharing and consumption in making sense of affliction, and these concepts structure understandings of madness that differ significantly from those assumed by formal mental health services. Greater awareness of the salience of these themes could strengthen the input of psychiatric and psychological care with this population and enhance knowledge of the alternative treatments that they use. Moreover, this case provides lessons for the global mental health movement on the importance of openness to the ways in which indigenous cultures may construct health, madness, and sociality. Such local meanings should be considered by mental health workers delivering services in order to provide care that can adjust to the alternative ontologies of sufferers and carers.

Keywords

Mental illness Global mental health Food Quechua Andes 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I am grateful to the Economic and Social Research Council for funding this study and to my informants for their patient explanations.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Education and Social WorkUniversity of SussexBrightonUK

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