Are science parks and incubators good “brand names” for spin-offs? The case study of Turin
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In recent years there has been an increasing focus on universities’entrepreneurial orientation and their ability to exploit and transfer scientific knowledge to the commercial sector. Spin-off firms are recognised as an important opportunity for universities. This paper aims to examine the university spin-off firm context, with particular attention to the relationship with science parks-incubators and their importance as brand names. Evidence is taken from Turin case-study. Turin has a consolidated university framework: the University and the Polytechnic are examples of success all around Europe. A particular characteristic of Turin is given by the presence of two science and technology parks and two incubators.
KeywordsResearch spin-offs Science parks Incubators Brand names Technology transfer
JEL classificationO3 L2
The author thanks the Centre de Recherche en Gestion (CRG) de l’Ecole Polytechnique, Paris, and the Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth, Italian National Research Council (Ceris-CNR), Moncalieri-Turin, for the hospitality provided during this research work. She is also grateful to Pierre-Jean Benghozi and Jean-Michel Dalle for their helpful suggestions. Financial support from the Italian National Research Council (CNR) under the ‘Promotion of Research 2005’ programme is gratefully acknowledged.
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