Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 55, Issue 6, pp 1835–1849 | Cite as

Ramakrishna and the Clinic of Paradox

Psychological Exploration


This study presents a clinical conception of the human being as the paradox between immanence and transcendence. Through an exposition of the clinical conceptions of Brazilian author Gilberto Safra, we search for an integral manner in which to understand mystical experience as a way to rethink the ontological conceptions inherent to clinical practice. In such perspective, we elaborate a critique of both the psychological-only approach to mystical experience as well as the spiritual-only approach. We present it through the life of Indian mystic Ramakrishna, by comparing the interpretation different authors make of his experiences and placing our own perspective.


Mysticism Religious experience Psychoanalysis and religion Clinical psychology Spirituality 



Paulo H. C. Dias research is funded by FAPESP agency.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical Psychology, Institute of PsychologyUniversity of São Paulo - Cidade UniversitáriaSão PauloBrazil

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