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Journal of Cluster Science

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 287–302 | Cite as

Nanosized Au4Pd32(CO)28(PMe3)14 Containing a Highly Distorted Encapsulated Au4 Tetrahedron: Proposed Multi-Twinned Growth-Pattern from Two Deformed Au-Centered Double Icosahedral-Based Fragments*

  • Evgueni G. Mednikov
  • Lawrence F. Dahl
Article

As part of an extensive effort to synthesize a variety of nanosized gold–palladium carbonyl phosphine clusters, the neutral Au4Pd32(CO)28(PMe3)14 (1) was isolated and unambiguously characterized by low-temperature CCD X-ray diffraction and IR measurements. This nanosized Au4Pd32 cluster was prepared in low yields (<5%) from the room-temperature reaction of Pd10(CO)12(PMe3)6 (2) with Au(SMe2)Cl in THF/acetone. The heretofore unknown molecular geometry of 1 of pseudo-D2 (222) symmetry (without methyl substituents) may be viewed to arise from a relatively strong (Au–Au)-bonded linkage (2.64 Å (av)) of two pentagonal-bipyramidal (μ5-Au)(μ5-Pd)Pd5 polyhedra; this generated 14-atom Au2Pd12 unit may be considered as a markedly deformed part of a 19-atom Au-centered double icosahedron without the inner pentagon (corresponding to five missing inner atoms). In turn, two Au2Pd12 units form a central composite-twinned Au4Pd22 kernel via vertex-fusion of two common Pd atoms along with additional formation of four Pd–Pd bonding, four Au–Pd bonding, and two weaker secondary Au–Au bonding interactions at 2.90 Å (av) (versus the other two diagonal Au–Au nonbonding ones at 3.51 Å (av)); this resulting Au4Pd22P8 kernel is augmented by the addition of two triangular Pd3P core-fragments and four exopolyhedral PdP groups to give the Au4Pd32P14 framework of 1. This cluster is stabilized by 28 bridging COs, of which 20 are doubly bridging and 8 triply bridging. The largest metal-core diameter of 1 along one pseudo C2 axis is 1.1 nm. This new type of multi-twinned metal cluster has direct relevance to both ligated and non-ligated (naked) non-crystalline metal nanoparticles, many of which possess multiple twinning and/or disorder.

Keywords

Palladium Phosphine Metal Cluster Methyl Substituent PMe3 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the National Science Foundation. Departmental purchase of a CCD area detector system was made possible by funds from NSF, the UW-Madison graduate school, and the chemistry department. Color drawings were prepared with Crystal Maker, Interactive Crystallography. David C. Palmer (P.O. Box 183 Bicester, Oxfordshire, UK OXG TBS).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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