Equilibrium Shape Equation and Geometrically Permissible Condition for Two-Component Lipid Bilayer Vesicles
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Equilibrium shapes of vesicles composed of a mixture of partially miscible amphiphiles are investigated. To take into account the influences of the composition, a simple phenomenological coupling between the co mposition and the curvatures, including the mean curvature and the Gauss curvature of the membrane surface, is suggested. By minimizing the potential functional, the general shape equation is obtained and solved analytically for vesicles with simple shapes. Besides, the geometrical constraint equation and geometrically permissible condition for the two-component lipid vesicles are put forward. The influences of physical parameters on the geometrically permissible phase diagrams are predicted. The close relations between the predictions and existing experimental phenomena published recently are shown.
Keywordsamphiphile geometrically permissible condition lipid bilayer shape equation vesicles
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