Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 31–42 | Cite as

Do implicit attitudes toward physical activity and sedentary behavior prospectively predict objective physical activity among persons with obesity?

  • Guillaume Chevance
  • Johan Caudroit
  • Thomas Henry
  • Philippe Guerin
  • Julie Boiché
  • Nelly Héraud


This study conducted among adults with obesity examined the associations between implicit attitudes toward physical activity and sedentary behavior, and physical activity behavior measured 4 months later. At baseline, 76 participants (M AGE = 56; M BMI = 39.1) completed a questionnaire assessing intentions toward physical activity and sedentary behavior and two computerized Single-Category Implicit Association Tests assessing implicit attitudes toward these two behaviors. At follow-up, physical activity was measured with accelerometers. Multiple regression analysis showed that implicit attitudes toward physical activity were positively and significantly associated with physical activity when participants’ age, BMI, past physical activity and intentions were controlled for. Implicit attitudes toward sedentary behavior were not associated with physical activity. Adults with obesity who implicitly reported more favorable attitudes toward physical activity at baseline were more likely to present higher physical activity levels at follow-up. Implicit attitudes could be targeted in future research to enhance physical activity.


Intentions Dual-processes Unconscious processes Automatic processes Exercise 



Guillaume Chevance is funded by a grant from the French Agency for Research and Technology (ANRT). This study has received financial support from the fundation APARD and the region Occitanie. The authors wish to thank Marie-Ange Dubois for her help in the follow-up phase, as well as La Poste for their support all along the study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Guillaume Chevance, Johan Caudroit, Thomas Henry, Philippe Guerin, Julie Boiché and Nelly Héraud declare that they have no conflicts of interest in the present research.

Human and animal rights and Informed consent

This study was approved by the ethical committee: 5 Santé. All procedures were in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000. Informed consent was obtained from all participants before being included in the study.

Supplementary material

10865_2017_9881_MOESM1_ESM.docx (114 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 113 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guillaume Chevance
    • 1
    • 2
  • Johan Caudroit
    • 3
  • Thomas Henry
    • 2
  • Philippe Guerin
    • 2
  • Julie Boiché
    • 1
  • Nelly Héraud
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory EpsylonUniv. MontpellierMontpellierFrance
  2. 2.Les Cliniques du Souffle ®Groupe 5 SantéToulougesFrance
  3. 3.Laboratoire sur les Vulnérabilités et l’Innovation sur le SportUniversité Claude Bernard Lyon 1LyonFrance

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