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Comments on “Thermoelectric properties of rare earth containing type-I clathrate compound, Dy8Al16Si30

  • T. Himmelbauer
  • A. Prokofiev
Open Access
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Abstract

In the paper by K. Rajput and S. Vitta published in the present journal the synthesis and the thermoelectric properties of the dysprosium containing clathrate Dy8Al16Si30 were reported. We prepared two samples following exactly to the technique described in the paper. Our XRD and SEM/EDX investigations do not confirm the presence of any amount of a Dy-containing clathrate phase in the sample.

Keywords

Diffraction Pattern Powder Diffraction Ionic Radius Clathrate Annealed Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

In the recent paper by K. Rajput and S. Vitta [1] the synthesis and the thermoelectric properties of the dysprosium containing clathrate Dy8Al16Si30 were reported. The authors obtained by melting the elementary metals a polyphase material containing, as claimed by the authors, the clathrate phase. This conclusion was made on the basis of X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) of the polyphase sample. However, in our opinion, the diffraction pattern and the Rietveld analysis given in the paper do not provide strong evidence of the presence of the clathrate phase. The authors investigated the sample also using the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectral analysis (SEM/EDX). However, only the total composition of the sample and not that of the individual phases was reported.

We prepared a sample following exactly to the technique described in the paper (Tetra-Arc Techno Search) with annealing of a part of the sample at 780 K for 7 days. The as-cast and the annealed samples were characterized by XRD (PANalytical XPert Pro MPD, X-ray Center TUWien) and SEM/EDX (Philips XL30 ESEM, EDAX New XL-30 135-10 UTW). The powder diffraction patterns obtained by us were very similar to the reported in Ref. [1]. The Rietveld refinement of the samples (Rwpr = 2.8 %) yields the following phases (mass. %): as-cast sample—Si 45, DySi2 22, DyAl2Si2 17, Al 16; annealed sample—Si 59, DyAl2Si2 28, DySi1.78 4; Al 7, Dy2Al3Si2 2 (Fig. 1).
Fig. 1

X-ray diffraction patterns of the as-cast (a) and the annealed (b) samples with their Rietveld refinement profiles. The phase compositions are shown in mass. %. The lines show the positions and the relative intensities of the peaks of the hypothetical Dy8Al16Si30 clathrate phase

No clathrate phase was detected in both our samples. Although the diffraction pattern of the Dy-clathrate is not available, it can be simulated based on the existing Ba- and Sr-containing analogues. Substitution of Ba with its ionic radius (r ion ) of 1.47 Å by Sr with r ion  = 1.31 Å results in a contraction of the unit cell from a = 10.632 to 10.465 Å [2, 3]. Linear extrapolation to the ionic radius of Dy3+ r ion  = 1.083 Å leads to a value of a = 10.23 Å for the lattice constant of the Dy-clathrate. Using this value and replacing the scattering factor of Ba by that of Dy we obtained the diffraction pattern of a hypothetical Dy-clathrate which is shown in Fig. 1 as a line diagram.

The polished surfaces of the samples were analyzed by SEM with EDX measurements of the compositions of all individual constituting phases (Fig. 2). The analysis confirms the presence of phases found by the powder diffraction.
Fig. 2

SEM image of the polished surface of the as-cast sample at two different magnifications. The composition of the main phases: Ph1–Dy(Si1−xAlx)1.75 (x≈0.1), Ph2–Si, Ph3–DySi2−yAl2+y (y≈0.1)

No phase with the generic composition A8B46 characteristic of a type-I clathrate was found.

Thus both XRD and SEM/EDX do not confirm the presence of any amount of a Dy-containing clathrate phase in the sample prepared according to [1].

Notes

Acknowledgements

Open access funding provided by TU Wien (TUW).

References

  1. 1.
    K. Rajput, S. Vitta, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. (2016). doi: 10.1007/s10854-016-5113-1 Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. Tsujii, J.H. Roudebush, A. Zevalkink, C.A. Cox-Uvarov, G.J. Snyder, S.M. Kauzlarich, J. Solid State Chem. 184, 1293 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.H. Roudebush, N. Tsujii, A. Hurtando, H. Hope, Y. Grin, S.M. Kauzlarich, Inorg. Chem. 51, 4161 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Solid State PhysicsVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria

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