Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 49, Issue 21, pp 7408–7417 | Cite as

Fluorene-based conjugated poly(arylene ethynylene)s containing heteroaromatic bicycles: preparation and electro-optical properties

  • Akshaya K. Palai
  • Amit Kumar
  • Sarada P. Mishra
  • M. PatriEmail author
Original Paper


A series of high molecular weight fluorene-based soluble poly(arylene ethynylene)s (PAEs) have been prepared and characterized. The polymers consist of 2,5-bis(3-tetradecylthiophen-2-yl)-3a,6a-dihydrothieno[3,2-b]thiophene, 2,5-bis(3-tetradecylthiophen-2-yl)-3a,6a-dihydrothiazolo[5,4-d]thiazole, or 4,7-bis(3-tetradecylthiophen-2-yl)benzo[c] [1, 2, 5] thiadiazole unit with an electron donor 9,9-bis(2-ethylhexyl)-9H-fluorene unit connected via electron accepting ethynylene linkage. The molecular weights (M w) of the polymers were found to be in the range of 103600–179000 g/mol with polydispersity index (PDI) of 3.9–5.0. Optical and redox properties have been investigated by UV–visible, fluorescence spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammetry (CV) measurements. Combination of experimental and density functional theory (DFT) calculations indicated that the benzothiadiazole unit incorporated polymer has lowest band gap with most stable lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy level. Polymer light emitting diode properties have been investigated for the polymer having highest molecular weight with device configuration ITO/PEDOT:PSS/Polymer/LiF/Al. Well-behaved diode characteristics with EL maxima at 600 nm were observed.

Graphical Abstract


High Occupied Molecular Orbital Lower Unoccupied Molecular Orbital Lower Unoccupied Molecular Orbital Energy Benzothiadiazole Lower Unoccupied Molecular Orbital Energy Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank M. N. Kamalasanan and R. Srivastava from NPL, New Delhi for their help in PLED device fabrication and characterization. The authors would also like to thank Professor Seungmoon Pyo, Konkuk University, Seoul, Republic of Korea and Professor Soonmin Jang, Sejong University, Seoul, Republic of Korea for their help in DFT calculations.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akshaya K. Palai
    • 1
    • 3
  • Amit Kumar
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sarada P. Mishra
    • 1
  • M. Patri
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Polymer Science and Technology CenterNaval Materials Research LaboratoryAmbernathIndia
  2. 2.Center for Organic ElectronicsNational Physical Laboratory (CSIR)New DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryKonkuk UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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