Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 283–297 | Cite as

Work-to-Family and Family-to-Work Spillover: The Implications of Childcare Policy and Maximum Work-Hour Legislation

  • Leah Ruppanner
  • Joy E. Pixley
Original Paper


This paper addresses the relationship between individual-level work-to-family and family-to-work spillover and two country-level policy measures: childcare policy and maximum work hour legislation. Coupling Gornick and Meyers’ (Families that work: policies for reconciling parenthood and employment, 2003) policy measures with individual-level data (N = 7,895) from the 2002 International Social Survey Programme, the authors analyze whether men and women in countries with stronger childcare policies and maximum work-hour legislation exhibit work-to-family and family-to-work spillover. The authors find that neither childcare policy nor maximum work-hour legislation is significantly associated with work-to-family spillover. Stronger childcare policy is associated with lower family-to-work spillover for women, especially for women with young children. Maximum-hour legislation is associated with greater family-to-work spillover for women, with a significantly larger effect for mothers of young children.


Cross-national Negative work–family spillover Welfare policy 



This research was supported by the Stockholm University and its Linnaeus Center on Social Policy and Family Dynamics in Europe (SPaDE).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of Hawaii at HiloHiloUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyUniversity of California, IrvineIrvineUSA

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