Husserl Studies

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 13–27 | Cite as

From Adequacy to Apodicticity. Development of the Notion of Reflection in Husserl’s Phenomenology



The article explores a gradual refinement of the notion of reflection in Husserlian phenomenology. In his early period, Husserl takes phenomenological reflection to attain adequate evidence, since its object is self-given in an absolute and complete manner. However, this conception of reflection does not remain unchanged. Husserl later realizes that immanent perception or phenomenological reflection also involves a certain horizonality and naivety that has to do with its temporal nature and must be queried in a further critical, apodictic reflection. Focusing more on the notion of apodicticity than adequacy, Husserl subsequently ascribes a new methodological role to reflection: instead of a mere epistemic warrant that guarantees for us the ultimate truth of our experiential life once and for all, phenomenological reflection ensures the strictness of phenomenology insofar as it entails an ethical-existential dimension as the norm of a life-form where the subject pursues full self-understanding and self-justification.


Double Negation Immanent Perception Transcendental Phenomenology Husserlian Phenomenology Cartesian Meditation 



Most of this article was written while I was a PhD student at the Center for Subjectivity Research, University of Copenhagen. I am grateful to Dan Zahavi and Hanne Jacobs for their insightful comments on some of the issues in it. I would also like to thank Steven Crowell and an anonymous referee for a number of helpful comments on the paper.


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of HumanityShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

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