, Volume 136, Issue 1, pp 69–78 | Cite as

Preservation of duplicate genes by originalization



Neofunctionalization, subfunctionalization and increasing gene dosage were proposed to be the possible ways to explain duplicate-gene preservation in previous studies. However, in some natural populations, such as yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a considerable proportion of the duplicate genes originated from ancient whole genomic duplication (WGD) is preserved till now, which cannot be sufficiently explained by these mechanisms. In this article, we present another possible way to explain this conundrum—originalization, by which duplicate genes are both preserved intact at a high frequency in the population under only purifying selection. With approximate equal rates of mutation at the two duplicated loci, analytical, numerical and simulation results consistently show that the mean time to nonfunctionalization for unlinked haploinsufficient gene duplication might become markedly prolonged, which results from originalization. These theoretical results imply that originalization might be an alternative effective and temporary way of preserving duplicate genes.


Gene duplication Originalization Recombination Selection Preservation 



This work is partly supported by funds from Yunan University and we acknowledge assistance from the Center for High Performance Computation of Yunnan University. We thank anonymous reviewers for many valuable comments and also thank Drs. Huatao Deng, Tianhong Xu, Shuqun Liu, Yang Shen, Xianda Lu, Ren Huang, Suhua Shi, Lianghu Qu, Yupeng Cun and Michael Lynch for their assistance and Sara Barton for editorial review. The junior author also graciously acknowledges his fellowships from GuangDong Institute for Monitoring Laboratory Animals and Tarim Agricultural University.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Life SciencesUniversity of Sun Yet-SenGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.GuangDong Institute for Monitoring Laboratory AnimalsGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-ResourcesYunnan UniversityYunnanChina
  4. 4.Human Genetics Center, School of Public HealthUniversity of Texas at HoustonHoustonUSA

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