Supervenience of Extrinsic Properties
- 82 Downloads
The aim of this paper is to define a notion of supervenience which can adequately describe the systematic dependence of extrinsic as well as of intrinsic higher-level properties on base-level features. We argue that none of the standard notions of supervenience—the concepts of weak, strong and global supervenience—fulfil this function. The concept of regional supervenience, which is purported to improve on the standard conceptions, turns out to be problematic as well. As a new approach, we develop the notion of property-dependent supervenience. This notion is founded on a criterion of relevance adapting the supervenience base to the considered higher-level properties in a specific way, such that only features which are relevant to the instantiation of the higher-level properties under consideration are taken into account.
KeywordsActual World Mental Property Standard Notion Extrinsic Property Global Supervenience
We wish to thank Terry Horgan, Thomas Müller and two anonymous referees for various valuable comments on earlier drafts of this paper. We are also grateful to Jennifer Williams for linguistic corrections. Vera Hoffmann’s work on this paper was supported by the VolkswagenStiftung (Volkswagen Foundation) and by the Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes (German National Scholarship Foundation).
- Beckermann, A. (1992). Supervenience, emergence, and reduction. In A. Beckermann, H. Flohr, & J. Kim (Eds.), Emergence or reduction? Essays on the prospects of nonreductive physicalism (pp. 94–118). Berlin: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
- Francescotti, R. M. (1999). How to define intrinsic properties. Noûs, 33, 590–609.Google Scholar
- Hofweber, T. (2005). Supervenience and object-dependent properties. Journal of Philosophy, 102, 5–32.Google Scholar
- Horgan, T. (1982). Supervenience and microphysics. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 63, 29–43.Google Scholar
- Kim, J. (1984). Concepts of supervenience. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 45, 153–176. (Quoted from Kim, J. (1993). Supervenience and mind (pp. 53–78). Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press.)Google Scholar
- Kim, J. (1987). “Strong” and “global” supervenience revisited. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 48, 315–326. (Quoted from Kim, J. (1993). Supervenience and mind (pp. 79–91). Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press.)Google Scholar
- McLaughlin, B. P. (1995). Varieties of supervenience. In E. E. Savellos & Ü. D. Yalçin (Eds.), Supervenience: New essays (pp. 16–59). Needham Heights: Cambridge.Google Scholar
- McLaughlin, B. P. (1997). Supervenience, vagueness, and determination. Philosophical Perspectives, 11, 209–230.Google Scholar
- Stalnaker, R. C. (1996). Varieties of supervenience. Philosophical Perspectives, 10, 221–241.Google Scholar