Municipal solid waste management, source-separated waste and stakeholder’s attitude: a Contingent Valuation Study
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Recognition of the social costs associated with traditional practices of urban waste management in India led to the formulation of Municipal Waste Management and Handling rules (2000). However, compliance with the proposed collection and disposal involves higher commitment in terms of both time and money on the part of the residents, local bodies as well as the state and central government. In this context, information about the value of the environmental improvements conferred upon the city dwellers would be important from the planner’s perspective. Given the non-market characteristic of waste disposal services, we infer about beneficiaries’ perceived demand for the proposed service by means of Double-Bounded Dichotomous Choice Contingent Valuation Survey conducted in the Bally Municipality in the district of Howrah, West Bengal. We estimate the average WTP by controlling for anchoring bias and use the annualized value of cost to examine the feasibility of the proposed system.
KeywordsContingent Valuation Survey Non-market Valuation Solid Waste Management Double-Bounded Dichotomous Choice Recursive Probit
The Contingent Valuation Study reported in this paper was funded by University Grants Commission, India. We are grateful to Dr. Arup Mallik (former Professor, Calcutta University) for useful suggestions regarding programme viability part of the study and Dr. Zakir Husain (Associate Professor, Institute of Development Studies, Kolkata) for comments on questionnaire design. The cordial help of Bally Municipality officials during field visits is gratefully acknowledged. For assistance in survey work, we thank Saikat Mitra, Susmita Paul, Subrata Majumder and Buddhadev Saren. The usual disclaimer applies.
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