Environmental and Resource Economics

, Volume 68, Issue 2, pp 275–295 | Cite as

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Fisheries: The Case of Multiple Regulatory Instruments in Sweden

  • Staffan Waldo
  • Anton Paulrud


The fishing sector is a candidate for efficient climate policies because it is commonly exempted from greenhouse gas taxes and the fundamental problem of using a common pool resource is far from optimally solved. At the same time, fisheries management has other objectives. This study uses Swedish fisheries to analyse how the fishing sector and its climate impact are affected by regulations aiming at: (1) solving the common pool problem (2) taxing greenhouse gas emissions and (3) maintaining small-scale fisheries. The empirical approach is a linear programming model where the effects of simultaneously using multiple regulations are analyzed. Solving the common pool problem will lead to a 30 % reduction in emissions and substantially increase economic returns. Taxing greenhouse gas emissions will further reduce emissions. Policies for maintaining the small-scale fleet will increase the size of this fleet segment, but at the cost of lower economic returns. However, combining this policy with fuel taxes will reduce the size of the small-scale fleet, thus counteracting the effects of the policy. If taxation induces fuel-saving innovations, it is shown that this will affect not only emissions and fleet structure, but also quota uptake.


CO\(_{2}\) taxation Fisheries Greenhouse gas Innovation Regulation 



We acknowledge funding from the Nordic Council of Ministers for the project Economic consequences of abolishing fuel subsidies for fishing vessels (Project No. (58) 2012), and input from the project participants; Ola Flaaten, Nguyen Ngoc Duy, Hans Ellefsen, Jónas Hallgrimsson, Cecilia Hammarlund, Øystein Hermansen, John Isaksen, Frank Jensen, Dadi Mar Kristoffersson, Marko Lindroos, Max Nielsen, Fredrik Salenius, and Daniel Schütt; and from Karin Bergman. Additional funding from the Swedish Research Council Formas (Project No. 229-2009-616) is gratefully acknowledged.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (docx 21 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsSwedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)UppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Swedish Agency for Marine and Water ManagementGöteborgSweden

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