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Biogeochemistry

, Volume 108, Issue 1–3, pp 245–258 | Cite as

Early stage of single and mixed leaf-litter decomposition in semiarid forest pine-oak: the role of rainfall and microsite

  • Marlín Pérez-Suárez
  • J. Tulio Arredondo-Moreno
  • Elisabeth Huber-Sannwald
Article

Abstract

It is well known that inherent characteristics of forest species constitute the main control of litter decomposition. In mixed forest, chemical interactions occurring through precipitation turn mechanisms of litter decomposition very uncertain and difficult to predict. Early-stage leaf litter decomposition of Quercus potosina and Pinus cembroides and their controls were examined based on Ostrofsky’s decomposition mechanisms. From June 2007 to May 2008, litterbags with pure and mixed leaf-litter of Q. potosina and P. cembroides were incubated in situ in monospecific and mixed tree stands, respectively. Sampling was carried out 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after incubation. After 12 months, two phases of decomposition of pure and mixed litter were identified; an early phase with a greater rate of mass loss of the labile litter fraction (k L ; soluble compounds) and a later phase with a lower rate of mass loss of the recalcitrant litter fraction (k R; lignin). The labile fraction lost was observed at three and 6 months of incubation, which coincided with the months of highest rainfall likely triggering a rapid release of soluble carbon compounds from leaf litter. Results also indicate that leaf-litter from Q. potosina had higher concentration of soluble compounds and lower lignin concentration than leaf litter from P. cembroides. Observed facilitative and inhibitory mechanisms for mass loss in Q. potosina and P. cembroides were controlled by interaction between physico-chemical litter characteristics and rainfall.

Keywords

Quercus potosina Pinus cembroides Semiarid forest Litter mixtures Early stage decomposition C:N Lignin:N Mass loss 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Our gratitude is extended to Griselda Chávez Aguilar for her technical support in the field and to Rebeca Pérez Rodríguez and Juan Pablo Rodas for their technical support in the laboratory. MPS acknowledges to J.J. Vargas-Hernández for his comments to preliminary versions of this paper. MPS also acknowledges to the Mexican Council for Science and Technology the scholarship granted (CONACyT, num. 169737) to complete her PhD studies. This project was supported by a grant to JTAM from CONACYT-SEMARNAT, no. 357and partially by grant no. 23421. EHS thanks SEMARNAT grant 23721 for partial funding of this project.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marlín Pérez-Suárez
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. Tulio Arredondo-Moreno
    • 1
  • Elisabeth Huber-Sannwald
    • 1
  1. 1.División de Ciencias AmbientalesInstituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y TecnológicaSan Luís PotosíMexico
  2. 2.Department of Natural Resource Ecology and ManagementIowa State UniversityAmesUSA

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