Advertisement

Argumentation

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 155–173 | Cite as

Virtuous Arguers: Responsible and Reliable

  • José Ángel Gascón
Article

Abstract

Virtuous arguers are expected to manifest virtues such as intellectual humility and open-mindedness, but from such traits the quality of arguments does not immediately follow. However, it also seems implausible that a virtuous arguer can systematically put forward bad arguments. How could virtue argumentation theory combine both insights? The solution, I argue, lies in an analogy with virtue epistemology: considering both responsibilist and reliabilist virtues gives us a fuller picture of the virtuous arguer.

Keywords

Character Education Reliabilism Responsibilism Skills Virtue argumentation Virtue epistemology 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was possible thanks to a pre-doctoral scholarship of the UNED and to the project FFI2014-53164-P of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. A previous version of this paper was presented at the 2nd European Conference on Argumentation (ECA), in Fribourg, Switzerland. I thank Andrew Aberdein for his commentary and the audience for the fruitful discussion that followed.

References

  1. Aberdein, A. 2010. Virtue in argument. Argumentation 24(2): 165–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aberdein, A. 2014. In defence of virtue: The legitimacy of agent-based argument appraisal. Informal Logic 34(1): 77–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aberdein, A. 2016. Virtue argumentation and bias. In Argumentation, Objectivity, and Bias: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation (OSSA), 18-21 May 2016 , eds. P. Bondy and L. M. Benacquista (pp. 1–12). Windsor, ON: OSSA.Google Scholar
  4. Battaly, H. 2008. Virtue epistemology. Philosophy Compass 3(4): 639–663.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Battaly, H. 2015. A pluralist theory of virtue. In Current controversies in virtue theory, ed. M. Alfano, 7–22. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. Bowell, T., and J. Kingsbury. 2013. Virtue and argument: Taking character into account. Informal Logic 33(1): 22–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Code, L. 1984. Toward a “responsibilist” epistemology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45(1): 29–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Code, L. 1987. Epistemic responsibility. Hanover: University Press of New England.Google Scholar
  9. Correia, V. 2017. Accountability breeds response-ability: Contextual debiasing and accountability in argumentation. In Modeling and using context. 10th international and interdisciplinary conference, CONTEXT 2017 Paris, France, June 2023, 2017, eds. P. Brézillon, R. Turner and C. Penco (pp. 127–136). Springer.Google Scholar
  10. Godden, D. 2016. On the priority of agent-based argumentative norms. Topoi 35(2): 345–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Greco, J. 1999. Agent reliabilism. Philosophical Perspectives 13: 273–296.Google Scholar
  12. Hookway, C. 2003. How to be a virtue epistemologist. In Intellectual virtue: Perspectives from ethics and epistemology, ed. M. DePaul and L. Zagzebski, 183–202. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kuhn, D. 2005. Education for thinking. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Kunda, Z. 1990. The case for motivated reasoning. Psychological Bulletin 108(3): 480–498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mercier, H., and D. Sperber. 2017. The enigma of reason. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Paglieri, F. 2015. Bogency and goodacies: On argument quality in virtue argumentation theory. Informal Logic 35(1): 65–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Paul, R. 1993. Critical thinking, moral integrity and citizenship: Teaching for the intellectual virtues. In Critical thinking. How to prepare students for a rapidly changing world (pp. 255–267). Santa Rosa, CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking.Google Scholar
  18. Roberts, R.C., and W.J. Wood. 2007. Intellectual virtues: An essay in regulative epistemology. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Siegel, H. 1988. Educating reason: Rationality, critical thinking, and education. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. Siegel, H. 1997. Rationality redeemed? Further dialogues on an educational ideal. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  21. Sosa, E. 1980. The raft and the pyramid: Coherence versus foundations in the theory of knowledge. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 5(1): 3–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sosa, E. 1991. Knowledge in perspective: Selected essays in epistemology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sosa, E. 2000. Reliabilism and intellectual virtue. Knowledge, belief, and character: Readings in virtue epistemology, 19–32. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  24. Sosa, E. 2007. Apt belief and reflective knowledge: A virtue epistemology, vol. 1. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Zagzebski, L.T. 1996. Virtues of the mind. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Zagzebski, L.T. 2000. From reliabilism to virtue epistemology. In Knowledge, belief, and character: Readings in virtue epistemology, ed. G. Axtell, 113–122. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  27. Zenker, F. 2013. Know thy biases! Bringing argumentative virtues to the classroom. In Virtues of Argumentation. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation (OSSA), 22-26 May 2013, eds. D. Mohammed and M. Lewiński (pp. 1–11). Windsor, ON: OSSA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED)MadridSpain

Personalised recommendations