Acta Mechanica Sinica

, Volume 34, Issue 5, pp 812–829 | Cite as

Effect of perforation on flow past a conic cylinder at \({\varvec{Re}}~=~100\): wavy vortex and sign laws

  • L. M. LinEmail author
  • X. F. Zhong
  • Y. X. Wu
Research Paper


In order to find the intrinsic physical mechanism of the original Kármán vortex wavily distorted across the span due to the introduction of three-dimensional (3-D) geometric disturbances, a flow past a peak-perforated conic shroud is numerically simulated at a Reynolds number of 100. Based on previous work by Meiburg and Lasheras (1988), the streamwise and vertical interactions with spanwise vortices are introduced and analyzed. Then vortex-shedding patterns in the near wake for different flow regimes are reinspected and illustrated from the view of these two interactions. Generally, in regime I, spanwise vortices are a little distorted due to the weak interaction. Then in regime II, spanwise vortices, even though curved obviously, are still shed synchronously with moderate streamwise and vertical interactions. But in regime III, violently wavy spanwise vortices in some vortex-shedding patterns, typically an \(\Omega \)-type vortex, are mainly attributed to the strong vertical interactions, while other cases, such as multiple vortex-shedding patterns in sub-regime III-D, are resulted from complex streamwise and vertical interactions. A special phenomenon, spacial distribution of streamwise and vertical components of vorticity with specific signs in the near wake, is analyzed based on two models of streamwise and vertical vortices in explaining physical reasons of top and bottom shear layers wavily varied across the span. Then these two models and above two interactions are unified. Finally two sign laws are summarized: the first sign law for streamwise and vertical components of vorticity is positive in the upper shear layer, but negative in the lower shear layer, while the second sign law for three vorticity components is always negative in the wake.


Vortex-shedding pattern Flow control Vortex dynamics Conic disturbance Perforation Sign law 



The project was financially supported by the National Key Scientific Instrument and Equipment Development Program of China (2011YQ120048).


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics; Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Mechanics in Fluid Solid Coupling Systems, Institute of MechanicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Engineering SciencesUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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