Journal of Wood Science

, Volume 63, Issue 2, pp 192–198 | Cite as

Withdrawal strength of nailed joints with decay degradation of wood and nail corrosion

  • Ryuya Takanashi
  • Kei Sawata
  • Yoshihisa Sasaki
  • Akio Koizumi


Nailed timber joints are widely used in timber structures, and their deterioration may cause significant damage. We investigated the withdrawal strength of joints using steel wire nails in specimens exposed to a brown-rot fungus. We also examined the effects of nail corrosion on withdrawal strength, because high humidity conditions accelerate not only wood decay but also the corrosion of nails. We found that nail corrosion increased the withdrawal strength. The ratios of withdrawal strength of nailed joints with rusted nails to that of joints with a minimally rusted nails were 1.47 and 1.56 in joints nailed in radial and tangential directions to annual rings, respectively. Withdrawal strength, excluding the effects of nail corrosion, had a negative correlation with mass loss and Pilodyn-pin-penetration-depth-ratio. We estimated the withdrawal strength of the nailed joint with decayed wood and rusted nails by multiplying the values from the empirical formula (obtained from mass loss and Pilodyn-pin-penetration-depth-ratio) by 1.47 and 1.56 for joints nailed in radial and tangential direction to annual rings, respectively.


Common nail Brown-rot fungus Mass loss Pilodyn 


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Copyright information

© The Japan Wood Research Society 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Faculty of AgricultureHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Forest Products Research InstituteHokkaido Research OrganizationAsahikawaJapan

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