Abdominal Radiology

, Volume 43, Issue 5, pp 1143–1151 | Cite as

MRI for hepatocellular carcinoma: a primer for magnetic resonance imaging interpretation

  • Tina Sanghvi
  • James Boyum
  • Ben Spilseth
  • Robben Schat
  • Heather Estby
  • Andrew Taylor
Pictorial essay


Hepatocellular carcinoma is among the most prevalent solid organ cancers, and, unlike many cancers, may be diagnosed non-invasively by imaging criteria [1] with the preferred modality recently shifting from multiphasic computed tomography (MDCT) to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose of this article is to help facilitate radiologists and radiology trainees in the transition to MRI by providing a step-wise approach to exam interpretation to improve the MRI detection of HCC. A methodical, consistent approach to navigating a HCC screening MRI exam, in conjunction with the LI-RADS framework for characterization, should lead to improved HCC detection and diagnosis.


Magnetic resonance imaging MRI protocol Liver imaging Hepatocellular carcinoma 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

None of the authors have any potential conflicts of interest to disclose.

IRB approval was not required and for this type of study informed consent is not required.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tina Sanghvi
    • 1
  • James Boyum
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ben Spilseth
    • 1
  • Robben Schat
    • 1
  • Heather Estby
    • 1
  • Andrew Taylor
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Minnesota Medical CenterMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Mayo ClinicRochesterUSA

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