Advertisement

Economic Botany

, 17:146 | Cite as

Dolichos lablab or hyacinth bean:

Its uses for feed, food and soil improvement
  • Reimar v. Schaaffhausen
Article

Summary

One of the 50 varieties or more ofDolichos lablab was introduced to São Paulo, Brazil, in 1949, from Angola, selected, multiplied and distributed to government agencies and to farmers; and it is now used for soil improvement, food and feed.

Outstanding results have been obtained on farms in the state of São Paulo by mixing 10–20% of Dolichos beans with maize and sowing the mixture together. After the corn harvest, lablab, which grows slowly during the first few months without competing with the maize, spreads out rapidly to form a dense cover several feet high, stays green, and continues to grow during the dry season. It can be used as green manure, and it almost doubled the maize and bean yield on fields where 33–40 tons per hectare of green mass were incorporated into the soil. The plant is palatable to livestock and can be grazed or fed in the stables.

Good results have been obtained when planted together with maize for silage and as a cover crop for orchards and coffee plantations. The beans can be used as feed or as food. The protein content of the beans vary from 20–28%; amino acids are well balanced with high lysine content. The leaves have 28% protein, and the whole plant from 13.56–22%, varying according to the season.

Dolichos lablab has many advantages: staying green during droughts; high yield of green vegetable mass, improving the soil; a good cover crop; a palatable fodder (cut, pastured or as silage); of a high protein content; an economic seeding method; easy harvesting of the beans.

Keywords

Maize Cover Crop Sudan Green Manure High Protein Content 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Ahmed, Q. A. A Chonephora disease ofDolichos Lablal L, Indian Sci. Congr. Proc.36(3): 122. 1949.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bailey, L. H. The Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture1: 1065. 1958.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Calil, J. Pastagens mistas para engorda de bovinos durante a sêca. Fôlha da Manhã, Fôlha Agrop. São Paulo. 10. 1960.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Candolle, A. De. Origine des plantes cultivées. Paris, 1883.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Capoor, S. P. and P. M. Varma. A new virus disease ofDolichos Lablab. Cur. Sci.19: 218–249. 1950.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cerighelli, R., P. Busson, J. Toury, and B. Bergeret. Contribution à l’étude chimique de quelques légumineuses tropieales utilisées dans l’alinientation. Ann. Nutrit. et Aliment.14: 161. 1960.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cheo, C. C. and A. E. Jenkins. Elsinoe and spaceloma diseases in Yunnan, China. Particularly hyacinth bean scab and scab of Castor bean. Phytopath.:35 339–352. 1945.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gaitonde, M. K. and K. Sohonie. On the occurrence of a trypsin inhibitor in field bean (Dolichos Lablab) and a few other common Indian pulses. Jour. Sci. Indust. Res.11B: 339–341. 1952.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ivanov, N. I.In Flora of cultivated plants. By X. A. Basilerskaya and H. I. Barulina.4: 649–659. Grain Leguminosae. State Agrie. Publ. Cy. 1937.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kar, A. The stipules, pulvinus and stipels ofDolichos Lablab L. and their vascular supply. Natl. Inst, Sci. India Proc.21: 137–142. 1955.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Krauss, F. C. The Pigeon Pea (Cajanus indicus), Its Improvement, Culture and Utilisation. Hawaii Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 64. 1932.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kunhikrishnan Nambiar. A new variety ofDolichos Lablab and its economic value. Madras Agr. Jour.31: 103–104. 1943.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Leme da Rocha, G. Leguminosas Tropieais Labe-Labe. Gado Holandez. São Paulo246: 4–6. 1957.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Majumder, S. K., M. Mutha and S. V. Pingale. Studies on the field control of Lablab pod-boring caterpillar. Ind. Jour. Entom.18(4): 397–407. 1965.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Moreos, S. R. and A. M. Boctor. The use ofDolichos Lablab andLathyrus sativus in making of taamiah (bean cakes) in Egypt, Brit, Jour. Nutr.13:(2): 163–167. 1959.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 19.
    --. O Labe-Labe 697. Est. São Paulo,Lablab and its economic value. Madras Agr. Jour.31: 103–104. 1943.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Neme, X. A. Leguminosae for green manure and forage (Portuguese). Bull. Divulg. Dept. Prod. Veg. 1954.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    --. Labe-labe, outra leguminosa para São Paulo. Est Sao Paulo, Supl. Agr.6: 1955.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    --. O Labe-Labe 697. Est São Paulo, Supl. Agr.3: 1960.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Patil, G. D. Anthesis and pollination in Field Wal (Dolichos Lablab Roxb.) Poona Agr. Mag.49: 95–102. 1958.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pillai, S. K. Abnormalities in the flower ofDolichos Lablab vulg. Savi. Cur. Sci.24: 164–165. 1955.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Piper, C. V. and W. J. Morse. The Bonavist, Lablab or Hyacinth Bean. U. S. D. A. Bull. No. 318. 1915.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Pollard, D. G. The control of Shafer Grubs (Schizonycha sp. Coleoptera, Melontinae). Sudan B. Ent. Res.47: 347–360. 1950.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Quinn, L. R,, G. O. Mott and W. V. A. Bisschoff. Fertilization of Colonial Grass Pastures and Beef Production with Zebu Steers. I.B.E.C. Res. Inst. Bull. No. 24, 1961.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Rangaswami Ayyangar, G. N., and K. Kuhni Krishnan. Studies inDolichos Lablab (Roxb.) L. The Indian Field and Garden Bean. ii. Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci.2(1): 74–79. 1935.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rivals, F. Le Dolique d’Egypte, Lablab ou Antaque(Doliclios Lablab L.) Rev. Agr. Ile Réunion.53: 153–166. 1953.53: 195–208. 1953.54: 5–18. 1954.61: 81–84. 1961.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Roxburgh, W. Flora Indica3: 305–308. 1832.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Savi, G. Osservacioni sopra i GeneriPhaseolis eDolichos. Memoria Nuovo Gio. Lett,8: 119. 1824.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Schaaffhausen, R. v. The Lablab Bean, Macululu and other varieties. (Portuguese) Chàcaras e Quintais89: 46. 1954.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    ——. Lablab, a legume for green manure, forage and human consumption. (Portuguese.) Rev. Criadores295: 63–66, 69. 1954.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    ——. Practical and economic solutions for fattening cattle during the dry season on pasture with legumes. (Portuguese) Rev. Criadores379: 62–64. 1961.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    ——. Adlay or Job’s Tears, a cereal of potentially greater economic importance. Econ. Bot.6: 216–227. 1952.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Tarr, S. A. J. Experiments in the Sudan Gezira on control of wilt of dolichos bean (Dolichos Lablab) associated with attack by cockshaver grubs (Schizonicha sp.) Ann. Appl. Biol.46(4): 630–638. 1958.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Teixeira, E. F. Labe Labe, a legume with a great future. (Portuguese) Est. Sao Paulo Sec, Agr. 1953.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Vaidyanatha, C. S. and K. V. Giri. General characteristics of field bean(Dolichos Lablab) arginase. Ind. Sci. Assoc. Proc,41: (3, abst.): 37. 1954.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Vavilov, X. I. The origin, variation, immunity, and breeding of cultivated plants. Chron. Bot,13(6): 27, 38. 1949–1950.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Veillet-Bartoszewska, M. Récherches embriologiques sur leDolichos Lablab L. Soc. Bot. France B.103 (5–6): 235–240. 1956.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1963

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reimar v. Schaaffhausen
    • 1
  1. 1.Granja GuaráSãa PauloBrazil

Personalised recommendations