Deer antlers exhibit the fastest growth among all natural calcified tissues, and have attracted the attention of pathologists, endocrinologists, bioengineers, ethologists and evolutionary biologists. However, there is still much to be found out about the detailed mechanisms of antler growth, and the factors affecting the evolution of antler size. Better knowledge of antler growth may also help in a better understanding of injuries and cancers of bones.
KeywordsAntlers calcification antler biology testosterone Cervidae
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