, Volume 7, Issue 12, pp 10–19 | Cite as

Many phases of carbon

  • B. Gopalakrishnan
  • S. V. Subramanyam
General Article


The phases and forms of carbon cover a wide spectrum of properties and applications. Research in carbon unveils the rich science underlying, which facilitates better understanding. Many innovative applications are at the offing and lot of avenues still remain unexplored.


Phases of carbon allotropic forms crystalline amorphous 


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Suggested Reading

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    MS Dresselhaus,GDresselhaus and P Eklund, Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes, Academic Press, 1996.Google Scholar
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    S R Elliott, Physics of Amorphous Materiah, Longman Scientific, 2nd edition, 1990.Google Scholar
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    S R P Silva and others,Handbook of Thin Film Materials, Ed. by H S Nalwa, Academic Press, 2002.Google Scholar
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    SYoshimura and RP Chang, Supercarbon, Springer,1998.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

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