, Volume 4, Issue 10, pp 8–15 | Cite as

Great experiments in physics

5. Birth of quantum electronics — Lasers
  • Amit Roy
Series Article


In Part 1 of this article, we described masers. In this part, we describe lasers, their optical counterpart.


Ruby Population Inversion Axial Mode Optical Maser Ruby Crystal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Suggested Reading

  1. [1]
    P James Gordon, The Maser,Scientific American, Vol 199, 42–50, 1958.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    L Arthur Schawlow, Optical Masers,Scientific American, Vol 204, 52–61, 1961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Joan Lisa Bromberg, The birth of the laser,Physics Today, 26–33, Oct. 1988.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Nicolaas Bloembergen, Physical Review records the birth of the Laser Era,Physics Today, 28–31, Oct. 1993.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    The Feynman Lectures in Physics, Vol 3, Ch. 9, 1965.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    H Kopfermann and R Ladenburg,Nature Vol 122, 438–439, 1928.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nuclear Science CentreNew DelhiIndia

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