Pharmaceutisch Weekblad

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 185–190 | Cite as

Disposition of quinine in rats with induced renal failure

  • C. O. Onyeji
  • P. A. F. Dixon
  • N. C. Ugwu


Aetiologically different models of experimental acute renal failure were induced in rats by the administration of glycerol, mercuric chloride and gentamicin, respectively, to different groups. Quinine levels in plasma and urine of the rats with induced renal failure were determined and pharmacokinetic parameters (eliminationt1/2, CL p ,V, CLR AUC0–∞) of the drug were derived and compared with values obtained from control rats following intraperitoneal administration of a 10 mg/kg body-weight dose of quinine. Results showed that each of the three compounds caused an up to 25-fold increase in the plasma levels of the drug and a marked decrease in the levels of the metabolite 3-hydroxyquinine. All the pharmacokinetic parameters determined for the rats with renal impairment were markedly different when compared to control. The high plasma quinine levels observed in the rats with renal failure could be largely due to the marked decrease inV and reduced metabolism. Also, in the rats with renal impairment, no correlation was observed between the increased plasma urea levels and plasma quinine levels or disposition of the drug. The results of the study suggest that quinine should be used with caution in patients with renal impairment. The plasma urea levels, as a measure of renal function, might not provide a suitable index for determining quinine dosage.


Clearance Kidney failure Metabolites Pharmacokinetics Quinine Rats, laboratory 


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Copyright information

© Royal Dutch Association for Advancement of Pharmacy 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. O. Onyeji
    • 1
  • P. A. F. Dixon
    • 2
  • N. C. Ugwu
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of PharmacyObafemi Awolowo UniversityIle-IfeNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of PharmacyObafemi Awolowo UniversityNigeria
  3. 3.Faculty of Health SciencesObafemi Awolowo UniversityNigeria

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