The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

George, Henry (1839–1897)

  • Mason Gaffney
Reference work entry


Henry George was by turns sailor, prospector, printer, reporter, San Francisco newspaper editor and publisher, orator and political activist before closeting himself to write on political economy. His Progress and Poverty (1879) electrified reformers, catapulted him to fame and began a worldwide movement for land reform and taxation, opening to George an extraordinary career in radical politics. Returning from Ireland as reporter for The Irish World of New York he was lionized by Irish-New Yorkers for his stand on the Irish land question. With ethnic, union and socialist backing he formed the United Labour Party and ran for mayor of New York in 1886, nearly winning.


Advances Barriers to exchange City planning Clark, J. B. Common property Excise taxes Fabianism George, H. Hotelling, H. Irish land question Land markets Land tax Libertarianism Lorenz curve Marginal cost pricing Market failure Mixed economy Public utility pricing Scarcity Specialization Speculation Supply side economics Taxation of income Urban economics Urban planning Urban transportation economics Veblen, T. Vickrey, W. S. Wages fund Wages tax Wicksteed, P. H. 

JEL Classifications

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Andelson, R., ed. Critics of Henry George. London: Associated University Presses.Google Scholar
  2. Barker, C.A. 1955. Henry George. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Cord, S.B. 1965. Henry George: Dreamer or realist? Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  4. de Mille, A.G. 1950. Henry George: Citizen of the World. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  5. Geiger, G.R. 1933. The philosophy of Henry George. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  6. George, H., Jr. 1900. The life of Henry George. Reprinted, New York: Robert Schalkenbach Foundation, 1943.Google Scholar
  7. Lawrence, E.P. 1957. Henry George in the British Isles. East Lansing: University of Michigan Press and Vanguard Press.Google Scholar
  8. Post, L.F. 1930. The prophet of New York. New York: Vanguard Press.Google Scholar
  9. Sawyer, R.A. 1926. Henry George and the single tax: A catalogue of the collections in the New York public library. New York: New York Public Library.Google Scholar
  10. The Standard (weekly). 1887–92. New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mason Gaffney
    • 1
  1. 1.