Kondratieff, Nikolai Dmitrievich (1892–1938)
Kondratieff (also transliterated Kondrat’ev) was born in Russia on 4 March 1892. At the age of 13 he joined the Socialist Revolutionary Party. In 1915 he graduated from St Petersburg University with a First Class degree, having followed courses given by, among others, Tugan-Baranowsky. In the Soviet Union he established his reputation with his studies of the domestic economy, particularly agriculture. In October 1917, at the age of 25, he was appointed Deputy Minister for Food in the provisional (Kerensky) government, although this appointment lasted for only a few days. Kondratieff’s professional career was associated with the Moscow Conjuncture Institute, which he founded and directed between 1920 and 1928.
KeywordsConjuncture Institute (Moscow) Econometric Society Five Year Plans Frisch, R. Kondratieff cycles Kondratieff, N. Kuznets swings Kuznets, S. Long cycles New Economic Policy (NEP) Peasant indices Schumpeter, J. Scissors crisis Tinbergen, J. Tugan-Baranovsky, M
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