The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Incomplete Markets

  • Charles Wilson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-349-95189-5_729

Abstract

‘Incomplete markets’ describes a market structure in which there are effective constraints on which bundles of goods may be exchanged with each other. When incompleteness arises from markets that are sequentially segmented, some of the basic properties of general equilibrium are affected. First, equilibrium may not exist even under the usual regularity assumptions. Second, allocations may not be Pareto optimal, even after the limitations imposed by the market structure are taken into account. Third, if securities are denominated in nominal values, the equilibrium allocation is generally not locally unique.

Keywords

Arrow–Debreu markets Complete markets Demand functions Existence of equilibrium Incomplete markets Indeterminacy of equilibrium Local uniqueness of equilibrium Marginal rate of substitution Spot markets Uncertainty 

JEL Classifications

D4 
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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Wilson
    • 1
  1. 1.