The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Cunynghame, Henry Hardinge (1848–1935)

  • John K. Whitaker
Reference work entry


Soldier, lawyer, civil servant, polymath and amateur economist, Sir Henry Cunynghame was born of distinguished forebears on 8 July 1848 at Penshurst. He died at Eastbourne on 3 May 1935, having been knighted in 1908. In 1870 he entered St John’s College, Cambridge, to study law, throwing over a promising military career. There he became a favourite of Alfred Marshall and was infected by an enthusiasm for ‘geometrical political economy’, a topic on which he was eventually to publish one of his many books (1904). There too he invented for Marshall a machine (now lost) for drawing a grid of rectangular hyperbolae (Guillebaud 1961, Vol. II, pp. 37–8).

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Edgeworth, F.Y. 1905. Review of Cunynghame (1904). The Economic Journal 15: 62–71. Reprinted in F.Y. Edgeworth, Papers Relating to Political Economy, vol. 3. London: Macmillan, 1925.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Guillebaud, C.W, ed. 1961. Alfred Marshall, Principles of economics Ninth (Variorum) Edition. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  3. Keynes, J.M. 1935. Obituary: Sir Henry Cunynghame. The Economic Journal 45(178): 398–406. Reproduced in J.M. Keynes, Collected writings, vol. X (Essays in Biography). London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  4. Pigou, A.C. (ed.). 1925. Memorials of Alfred Marshall. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  5. Ward, C.H.D., and C.B. Spencer. 1938. The unconventional civil servant: Sir Henry Cunynghame. London: Michael Joseph.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • John K. Whitaker
    • 1
  1. 1.